To start with, let’s try to understand what we mean under the term “depression”. It is a kind of a mental illness. People from different countries, of different ages and with different lifestyles suffer from depressions.
As for kids and teenagers, they are also often depressed.
For this reason each of us should be aware of the main symptoms and signs of depression, in order to differentiate it quickly.
You should clearly understand that depression is not simply low spirits or feeling of sadness. We all feel down from time to time. Unpleasant emotions, caused by different events and people or episodes, vanish when time passes, but depression usually becomes stronger.
The main attribute of depression is that its signs last for longer periods of time – for months. This depressive condition prevents people from ordinary pleasures and don’t allow them living to the full.
Moreover we can count various kinds of depression like serious depression, manic depression, dysthymia, different disorders (like seasonal ones) or a bipolar disorder. Children and teens suffer from all these types too.
Let’s look firstly at the serious depression: this problem can be distinguished by a low mood, hopeless feelings or guilty look, people just cannot be happy and joyous. Severe depression also touches such things as normal sleep and meals. People who suffer from this illness are depressed for long periods of time. Children may be irritable and angry, always in low spirits.
Speaking about bipolar disorder, we should state that this disease can be expressed through inactivity, loss of interest to life, sadness. But it also has another, contrary development, when people are really explosive and nervous. So, about 1-2 per cent of children suffer from bipolar disorder. As for grown-ups, over two millions of them try to cope with bipolar disorder. This diagnosis is usually a characteristic of young people. Moreover, bipolar disorder may lead to a number of various mental problems like constant anxiety, irritation and drastic mood changes.
At last let’s look at dysthymia. It is a kind of sadness or even fury, but not so strong if compared to mania or severe depression. But it also lasts for about a year. Teens, suffering from dysthymia generally have poor self-confidence and self-esteem, they are sad and withdrawn. This problem doesn’t meddle with every day routine but affects the person’s life anyway.